Young children need to learn to obey completely, quickly, and with a happy heart. And these principles apply our entire lives when it comes to how we should respond to authority. However, we also need to teach youth to think critically.
Researchers have demonstrated how to help students improve in argumentative reasoning. This training is better accomplished (among middle schoolers) through oral debate, not written papers. As explained in the article,
"Children engage in conversation from very early on," explains [researcher Deanna] Kuhn. "It has a point in real life." Fulfilling a writing assignment, on the other hand, largely entails figuring out what the teacher wants and delivering it. To the student, "that's its only function."
It makes sense. When you write a paper, you just have to give your side. But oral debate makes you listen and comprehend other perspectives.
Upon reading this article in March, Marvin Love and I thought it would be good to implement this in our programming. Since he primarily works with the older kids (4th - 8th grade), we knew that his class would be the best fit.
It has gone really well. His group has discussed and debated topics such as dress codes, school suspensions, rap music, and standardized testing.
Of course, learning how to think critically is a long-term process, as is any area of child training. But we know that continuing in this will have a positive impact on the children we work with.
Do you have any suggestions of what else we can debate?